Self-Management Program for AIS D SCI

Psychosocial/other
Mental health and psychosocial factors
Online since 30 December 2023, updated 173 days ago

About this trial

About 25-51% of adults with acquired spinal cord injury (SCI) have "AIS D" SCI, the lowest severity grade of neurologic injury. Veterans with AIS D SCI generally have better outcomes in mobility, comm...

Included participants

Gender
All
Age
All ages
Injury level
C1 - S5
  • Severity (AIS)?
  • AIS-D
    Time since injury
    All
    Healthy volunteers
    Yes
    C1-S5

    What’s involved

    Type

    Psychosocial/other

    Details

    Background and Significance: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a life-altering event that often results in permanent paralysis and sensory loss, with subsequent loss of physical function and independence and risk for negative psychosocial outcomes. About 25-51% of adults with acquired SCI have AIS D SCI and have an excellent prognosis for ambulation, are less visibly disabled, and generally have better objective well-being, such as community integration and mobility. However, counterintuitively, military Veterans with AIS D SCI are at higher risk of poor subjective well-being (SWB) including higher rates of depression and suicidal ideation. Several factors that may explain the disparity in well-being have been proposed, including less acute rehabilitation services, limited development of instrumental and social support networks, greater prevalence of comorbid health issues, and underdeveloped disability identity. Given that SWB is central to quality of life, it is essential to understand and foster those skills, perspectives, and resources that best support SWB after SCI. Specific Aims: This study will develop the first intervention targeting the well-being of Veterans with AIS D SCI by attending to their specific needs using a self-management approach. Self-management (SM) programs are differentiated by fostering engagement, knowledge, and authority to direct care to the patient. An SM-oriented program that is tailored to the needs and treatment preferences of Veterans with AIS D SCI has great promise to improve well-being. For this reason, the proposed study will develop the SCI Self- Management for AIS D (SCISM-D) Program, an individually administered, personalized support and skills training intervention via the VA's video telehealth-to-home technology, to improve well-being among Veterans with AIS D SCI. This study is highly significant for Veteran health care, as creation of the proposed SCISM-D program is expected to fill a critical health care gap and improve lifetime psychosocial functioning for Veterans with AIS D SCI. This study has three aims: (Aim 1) Develop SCISM-D to enhance the SWB of military Veterans with AIS D SCI using preliminary research and focus groups. (Aim 2) Conduct a pilot study to improve SCISM-D and test the feasibility and acceptability of SCISM-D to prepare for a future randomized controlled trial. (Aim 3) Finalize the SCISM-D program manual and consumer handbook. Research Plan: For Aim 1, two focus groups of 4-6 Veterans with AIS D SCI and two focus groups of 4-6 SCI providers will be recruited to review, rate, and discuss proposed components of SCISM-D during two meetings each. Informed by the focus group ratings and feedback, the SCISM-D program manual and consumer handbook will be developed. Individual program components will be adapted from extant SM manuals with others developed by the investigators. The completed program manual and consumer handbook will then be presented to the focus groups and expert panel for feedback, followed by a final round of revisions. Criteria for success include completion of the focus groups and materials according to the study timeline. Next, a pilot study will be conducted to examine the feasibility of SCISM-D and a subsequent randomized controlled trial (Aim 2). A target of 20 Veterans with AIS D SCI will complete the study. SCISM-D is anticipated to involve 5-7, 45-60-minute sessions conducted via the VA's telehealth system. Several measures and interviews will be administered during the program to assess treatment gains and mediators. Criteria for success include the ability to recruit at least 2 participants per month, at least 75% retention, at least 75% patient satisfaction, and an average change of "minimally improved" in confidence and life satisfaction, among others. After the pilot study, the focus group members will be asked to review the draft SCISM-D program manual and consumer handbook to inform final revisions to content by the team of investigators and layout by professional designers (Aim 3).

    Potential benefits

    Main benefits

    Mental health and psychosocial factors

    Additional benefits

    Good to know: Potential benefits are defined as outcomes that are being measured during and/or after the trial.

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more

    • Trial recruitment status
    • Recruiting
    • Trial start date
    • 1 May 2024
    • Organisation
    • VA Office of Research and Development
    • Trial recruitment status
    • Recruiting
    • Trial start date
    • 1 May 2024
    • Organisation
    • VA Office of Research and Development

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more