The Relationship Between Irisin and Bone Health in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury

Rehabilitation
Bone health
Online since 12 May 2022, updated 200 days ago

About this trial

This study will examine the relationship between circulating irisin and bone health individuals with spinal cord injury. Additionally, this study seeks to examine the influence of muscle fiber type on...

Included participants

Gender
All
Age
≥ 18 years
Injury level
All levels
  • Severity (AIS)?
  • AIS-A
    AIS-B
    AIS-C
    Time since injury
    ≥ 12 months
  • Injury type
  • Traumatic

    Healthy volunteers
    Yes
    C4-null
    Additionally, participants must
    use manual wheelchair as primary means of mobility

    What’s involved

    Type

    Rehabilitation

    Details

    After spinal cord injury (SCI), the severe sub-lesion bone loss increases lower-limb fracture risk. In addition to mechanical loading, bone homeostasis is mediated by myokines, skeletal muscle secreted factors, including irisin. This project aims to demonstrate that irisin is a key determinant of bone mineral density in sub-lesion bone, that impaired irisin mechanisms contribute to post-SCI bone loss, and identify novel modalities to leverage the osteogenic effects of irisin to improve musculoskeletal rehabilitation strategies for individuals with SCI. The first aim of this project seeks to determine the relationship between circulating irisin and bone mineral density (BMD) in sub-lesion bones of individuals with SCI. Past research has reported positive correlations between irisin and BMD indicating that irisin is important factor in bone homeostasis. To date, the relationship between irisin and BMD, absent mechanical loading, as seen in individuals with SCI, has not been examined. Of note, irisin increases have been demonstrated to increase bone mass in healthy mice and prevent or reduce bone loss in mouse SCI models. The second aim of this study seeks to determine if irisin concentrations are impaired as a result of pathologic changes in sub-lesion skeletal muscle after SCI. Irisin is released into circulation following cleavage of its precursor protein which is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Generally, healthy human muscle demonstrates a mix of type I and type II muscle fibers, however, after SCI, there is a pathological transformation from type I to type II muscle. Given that irisin's precursor protein is more highly expressed in type I muscle, the post-SCI fiber type transformation could significantly attenuate circulating irisin concentrations and impair its downstream signaling effects. Understanding whether post-SCI fiber type shifts are associated with reduced circulating irisin could help explain the inefficacy of current rehabilitation methods. The third aim of this study seeks to measure the irisin response to arm ergometer high intensity interval exercise. If circulating irisin concentrations are important to bone health, as current research suggests, then identifying a means in increase circulating irisin is essential to developing better musculoskeletal rehabilitation methods. While exercise has been demonstrated to increase circulating irisin, the exercise modalities performed (running, whole body resistance training) are not feasible for individuals with SCI. Arm ergometry exercise could provide a means to increase circulating concentrations of this osteogenic factor.

    Potential benefits

    Main benefits

    Bone health

    Additional benefits

    Good to know: Potential benefits are defined as outcomes that are being measured during and/or after the trial.

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more

    • Recruitment
    • Unknown
    • Trial start date
    • 21 Nov 2022
    • Organisation
    • VA Office of Research and Development
    • Recruitment
    • Unknown
    • Trial start date
    • 21 Nov 2022
    • Organisation
    • VA Office of Research and Development

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more