Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Depressed People With Spinal Cord Injuries

Alternative or complimentary methods
Mental health
Online since 1 March 2024, updated 38 days ago

About this trial

Living with spinal cord injury (SCI) can have a significant negative impact on an individual's mental health and restrict participation in personally valued activities and roles. Acceptance and commit...

Included participants

Gender
All
Age
≥ 18 years
Injury level
C1 - S5
  • Severity (AIS)?
  • Time since injury
    All
    Healthy volunteers
    No
    C1-S5
    Additionally, participants must
    NOT have a diagnosis with bipolar disorder or psychotic disorder

    What’s involved

    Type

    Alternative or complimentary methods

    Details

    Living with spinal cord injury (SCI) can have a significant negative impact on an individual's mental health and restrict participation in personally valued activities and roles. About 40% of individuals with SCI report depressive symptoms and other mental health symptoms, which are associated with negative long-term outcomes. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an empirically supported transdiagnostic approach that can mitigate symptoms of mental health disorders and improve quality of life through mindfulness and acceptance processes and behavior change processes for valued living. ACT is based on the psychological flexibility model involving six processes that serve as a mechanism of change (i.e., acceptance, cognitive defusion, being present, observing self, values, and committed action). Evidence for ACT for individuals with SCI, however, is limited to a very few studies that involved in-person group-based ACT and did not focus on depressed individuals with SCI. This project aims to test the efficacy of an 8-week videoconferencing ACT program for improving mental health in depressed individuals living with SCI. The hypotheses are that the ACT group will show improvements in depressive symptoms (the primary outcome), secondary mental health outcomes (e.g., anxiety, stress, and grief), and ACT processes (e.g., psychological flexibility and engaged living) at posttest and 2-month follow-up compared to the wait-list control group. Also, the project aims to examine the mediating effects of the ACT psychological flexibility processes on reducing depressive symptoms in individuals living with SCI. This study will use a two-arm parallel-group, randomized controlled trial design. The investigators will recruit 120 depressed individuals living with SCI and randomly assign them to either the ACT group or the wait-list control group. The ACT group will receive eight weekly individual ACT sessions guided by a coach through videoconferencing with a booster session at 1-month follow-up. The wait-list control group will maintain his or her own care as usual during the study period and have the option to receive eight individual ACT sessions after study participation ends. Data will be collected at pretest, posttest, and 2-month follow-up. The investigators will use generalized linear mixed-effects models to examine the relative impact on the ACT group compared to the wait-list control group at posttest and 2-month follow-up. The mediation analysis will consist of the outcome model and the mediator model. After fitting the models, the investigators will estimate direct effect and indirect effect (i.e., the mediated effect). Managing uncomfortable or painful thoughts and emotions arising from functional limitations and accepting changed lives while moving forward for valued living through ACT skill practice will help individuals with SCI alleviate symptoms of mental health conditions, promote engagement in personally valued activities, and improve quality of life. The investigators expect the findings of this study to contribute to the limited evidence for internet-delivered ACT in individuals living with SCI and lay the necessary groundwork to provide important knowledge and guidance for future clinical trials and practice.

    Potential benefits

    Main benefits

    Mental health

    Additional benefits

    General health

    Good to know: Potential benefits are defined as outcomes that are being measured during and/or after the trial.

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more

    • Trial recruitment status
    • Recruiting soon
    • Trial start date
    • 30 Apr 2024
    • Organisation
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham
    • Trial recruitment status
    • Recruiting soon
    • Trial start date
    • 30 Apr 2024
    • Organisation
    • University of Alabama at Birmingham

    Wings for Life supports SCITrialsFinder

    Wings for Life has proudly initiated, led and funded the new version of the SCI Trials Finder website. Wings for Life aims to find a cure for spinal cord injuries. The not-for-profit foundation funds world-class scientific research and clinical trials around the globe.

    Learn more